LEARNING, Organizational Design & Structure

Literature Review – Shaping Cultures and Ethics of Organizations

This literature review examines organizational culture and ethics from the perspective of organizational design and structure.

ethics

Corporate culture has been defined as “a system of shared meaning held by members that distinguishes the organization from other organizations.” Because corporate culture is not written down, but more caught than taught from the founder’s traits and from the traits of people who are hired over time, leaders must shape what type of cultures their organizations have. Culture can be designed by determining which culture is the best culture for an organization, and how it impacts the motivation, productivity, leadership, management, and decision-making processes of an organization. Ethics can be structured by knowing why organizational ethics are need, by establishing an effective organizational ethical environment, and by determining if ethical officers, training, etc., is needed. Continue reading “Literature Review – Shaping Cultures and Ethics of Organizations”

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Business Research Methods, LEARNING

Literature Review – Achievement Motivation Theory (McClelland)

This is a literature review on psychologist David McClelland’s achievement motivation theory as it relates to business.

achievement

David McClelland was a psychologist most known for his 1961 work, “The Achieving Society,” which built on psychologist Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy or theory of needs. Maslow identified five basic needs that he believed all humans have: physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem and self-actualization. From Maslow’s hierarchy, McClelland identified three motivators that he believed all humans have: a need for achievement, a need for affiliation and a need for power. According to McClelland, we are not born with these motivators, but learn them as we progress through life, and regardless of our cultural/social/racial/religious background, these three motivators will drive us, with one of them being the dominant driver. What will be the dominant motivating driver for a person depends on his or her life experiences. This paper examines the first motivator: a need for achievement, and takes a look at literature related to the achievement motivation theory and how this theory affects different aspects of business including business management, small businesses, business employees and economic growth and development. Continue reading “Literature Review – Achievement Motivation Theory (McClelland)”

International Business, LEARNING

Global Business Cultural Analysis: Russia

This is a paper I wrote for a course on international business. It examines the major elements and dimensions of culture in Russia, including: Hofstede’s five cultural dimensions, communication, ethics, and religion. Also examined is how locals integrate culture in business. A comparison between U. S. culture and business and Russian culture and business is given. Finally, implications for U. S. businesses wishing to conduct business in Russia are given; along with a SWOT analysis and a foreign direct investment (FDI) analysis of Russia.

russia

Introduction

Russia is the world’s largest country with territory that stretches across nine time zones. Rich in natural resources, its land contains the world’s largest forest reserves, huge reserves of oil and minerals, and nearly a quarter of the planet’s total freshwater. Russia has a rich cultural history with a reputation that is rather frigid and unfriendly. The people are largely hardworking, disciplined, and innovative in their approaches to work. Since emerging from World War III, Russia has become a formidable global economic, political, and military force. Even though Western influence has been integrated into Russian society and despite growing diversity due to immigration, the country maintains a strong sense of its distinct identity. This paper explores the culture of Russia and the opportunities it presents for U.S. businesses looking to expand into Russia. Continue reading “Global Business Cultural Analysis: Russia”

LEARNING, Theology and Cinema

Christian Involvement In Cinematic Arts

This is a paper I wrote for a cinema course which I enjoyed immensely and which reconfirmed my desire to be involved in filmmaking.

a-boy-discovers-the-magic-of-making-movies

Before taking CINE 340, the only thing I knew for certain about movies was that I loved them. I liked being taken behind the scenes to see the messy work that made the magic on screen. I liked seeing how sets were built, costumes designed, and prosthetics applied. Deleted scenes, bloopers, and director’s commentary were fascinating. Most of all, I liked seeing a well made completed work of art from beginning to end. Continue reading “Christian Involvement In Cinematic Arts”

LEARNING, Theology and Cinema

‘The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers’ – A Paper

This is a paper I wrote for a course on cinema regarding Peter Jackson’s 2002 film, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers. My favorite book and movie trilogy of all time!

the-lord-of-the-rings-the-two-towers

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers is the second in Peter Jackson‘s masterful movie adaption of The Lord of the Rings trilogy by British author J. R. R. Tolkien.

Continue reading “‘The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers’ – A Paper”

LEARNING, Theology and Cinema

‘The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring’ – A Paper

This is a paper I wrote for a course on cinema regarding Peter Jackson’s 2001 film, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. My favorite book and movie trilogy of all time!

the-lord-of-the-rings-the-fellowship-of-the-ring

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring is the first in Peter Jackson‘s masterful movie adaption of The Lord of the Rings trilogy by British author J. R. R. Tolkien.

Continue reading “‘The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring’ – A Paper”

LEARNING, Theology and Cinema

‘The Dark Knight’ – A Paper

This is a paper I wrote for a course on cinema regarding Christopher Nolan’s 2008 film, The Dark Knight.

the-dark-knight

The Dark Knight is the sequel to Christopher Nolan‘s Batman Begins (2005) and the second movie in his Batman trilogy which concluded in 2012 with The Dark Knight Rises. Bruce Wayne/Batman continues to fight the war on crime in Gotham City with the help of Lieutenant James Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent. Together they are effective in locking up over 500 criminals and appear to be on their way to stopping organized crime for good. However, they soon find themselves playing into the hands of an irrational criminal mastermind known as The Joker, who plunges Gotham into a state of anarchy, chaos, and fear. He attempts to turn the three men against themselves and one another.

Continue reading “‘The Dark Knight’ – A Paper”